1. M. von Zedtwitz and O. Gassmann, “Market Versus Technology Drive in R&D Internationalization: Four Different Patterns of Managing Research and Development,” Research Policy 31, no. 4 (2002): 569-588. O. Gassmann and M. von Zedtwitz, “Trends and Determinants of Managing Virtual R&D Teams,” R&D Management 33, no. 3 (2003): 243-262.
2. J. Santos, Y. Doz and P. Williamson, “Is Your Innovation Process Global?” MIT Sloan Management Review 45, no. 4 (summer 2004): 31-37.
3. “Mastering Complexity in Global Manufacturing: Powering Profits and Growth Through Value Chain Synchronization,” Deloitte Research, 2003.
4. T.L. Friedman, “The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century” (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005).
5. These specific country categorizations are based on salary survey re-
sults obtained from Mercer Human Resource Consulting for a
representative type of engineer. (Systems Engineer – Intermediate, defined as “under general supervision, provides technical support to sales force during sales negotiation. Configures hardware, software, and design application requirements of products offered to customers to meet their requirements. Resolves complex technical issues with guidance from senior engineers. Frequently reports to a Systems Engineering Manager. Typically requires a Bachelor’s Degree and two to four years of experience.”)
6. “Global Product Development — Moving From Strategy to Execution,” PTC and BusinessWeek Research Services, 2006.
7. “Services Export Study,” Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, July 7, 2005.
8. “Strategic Review 2006, The IT Industry in India,” NASSCOM, 2006.
9. N. Repenning, “Understanding Fire Fighting in New Product Development,” Journal of Product Innovation Management 18, no. 5 (2001): 285-300.
10. N. Bajpai, J. Sachs, R. Arora and H. Khurana, “Global Services Sourcing: Issues of Cost and Quality,” CGSD working paper no. 16, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development, New York, June 2004.
11. A.S. Blinder, “Offshoring: The Next Industrial Revolution?” Foreign Affairs 85, no. 2 (March-April 2006): 113-128.