Spring 1988
Volume 29, Issue # 3


Toward Middle-Up-Down Management: Accelerating Information Creation

  • Read Time: 29 min 

THE CONCEPTS of “top-down” and “bottom-up” management pervade management research and the popular business literature. Both center on information flow and information processing. Top-down management emphasizes the process of implementing and refining decisions made by top management as they are transmitted to the lower levels of the organization.