Winter 1991
Volume 32, Issue # 2


The Effective Organization: Forces and Forms

  • Read Time: 44 min 

WHAT MAKES an organization effective? For a long time we thought we had the answer. Frederick Taylor told us about the “one best way” at the turn of the century, and organizations long pursued this holy grail.


Managing Foreign Exchange for Competitive Advantage

  • Read Time: 28 min 

GENERALS PLANNING military action and CEOs plotting corporate strategy often start from the same point: they identify the key strengths and weaknesses of their position vis-à-vis their rivals and develop a strategy to exploit the strengths and protect the weaknesses.


A Framework for Marketing Image Management

  • Read Time: 23 min 

AS MARKETS GROW more competitive, companies need to improve their understanding of their target customers’ needs, attitudes, and buying behavior. They must design their offers and their images to be competitively attractive.