023-Innovation-500

Winter 1997
Volume 38, Issue # 2

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04-Operations-500

Lean Production in an International Supply Chain

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 21 min 

In a global supply chain, managers must plan for longer lead times, expensive air freight, higher inventory levels, poor sales-forecasting accuracy, and significant delays in resolving technical problems. However, the reduction of defects and engineering change orders associated with lean production can stabilize the supply chain.

023-Innovation-500

An Improvisational Model for Change Management: The Case of Groupware Technologies

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 31 min 

Successfully managing technological change involves the ability to improvise in response to unexpected opportunities. Organizational changes associated with technology implementation don’t have a beginning and an end; they are ongoing. The authors identify three types of change that build on each other over time. Two conditions that enable the use of an improvisational model are internal alignment and adequate resources.

038-Global-Business-500

Success as the Source of Failure?: Competition and Cooperation in the Japanese Economy

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 31 min 

Will the Japanese business system, based on favorable industrial policies, the keiretsu, and lifetime employment, survive the current recession? While simultaneous competition and cooperation among companies have fostered growth and a system without “losers,” fundamental changes may require an upsurge in risk-taking Japanese entrepreneurs.

06-Strategy-500

A New Strategy Framework for Coping with Turbulence

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 36 min 

In turbulent environments, market leaders must repeat innovations, establish customer networks, sense the flow of new products, and share responsibility for new strategy throughout the firm. They must also balance the firm’s capabilities for leveraging, strengthening, and diversifying its distinct assets or skills.

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025-Innovation-500

Integrating the Fuzzy Front End of New Product Development

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 36 min 

The failure to integrate a product strategy, a well-planned portfolio, and a facilitating organization structure with clearly identified customer needs, a well-defined product concept, and a project plan can severely hamper new product development. An examination of eleven companies aims at improving the effectiveness of the front-end process.

011-big-data-and-analytics-500

The Matrix of Change

  • Research Feature
  • Read Time: 44 min 

As a tool for business process reengineering, "the matrix" can help managers determine how quickly change should proceed, in what order changes should take place, whether to start at a new site, and whether the proposed systems are stable and coherent. For a medical products manufacturer, the matrix of change provided unique, useful guidelines for change management.