We asked respondents to identify regions that are leaders of corporate sustainability. Their answers were revealing. On one hand, a clear majority pointed to Europe. Yet our data indicates that companies increasing their sustainability commitments the most are located in emerging economies. Respondents from countries with strong economic growth in Asia-Pacific, South America and Africa said that their companies were going to increase their commitments to sustainability in 2012 at much higher rates than respondents from companies in slow-growth economies. (See “Emerging Markets Have a Strong Commitment to Sustainability” and “Europe Seen as Sustainability Leader.”)
Companies in emerging countries have several reasons to develop robust sustainability agendas. One is the need to address environmental degradation, such as pollution and lack of clean water, in the areas where they operate. While the history of environmental degradation in developing countries is diverse, many companies in these markets must contend with this issue.3 According to a 2007 Worldwatch Institute report, China had 16 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world.4 It is not surprising that respondents from China, more than from any other major country, say that their companies are planning to increase sustainability commitments for next year. While some of this increase may be due to regulatory pressure and resource scarcity, innovation may also have an important role.
Emerging Markets Have a Strong Commitment to Sustainability
Many types of innovative approaches to sustainability are taking place in emerging markets. In 1998, CEMEX, the Mexico-based cement company, started Patrimonio Hoy, a savings club for low-income people who want to build their own homes. In exchange for weekly savings payments, CEMEX provides materials and architectural support through a network of CEMEX distributors and community promoters. Instead of taking years to build poorly designed and unstable shelters, participants in the Cemex program typically build their homes three times faster, with higher quality and at two-thirds the cost.5 By 2011, the program had supported 300,000 participants in emerging countries around the world, including Mexico, Egypt, Indonesia, Thailand and Latin America.6