Tom Lyon

School for Environment and Sustainability; and Stephen M. Ross School of Business

University of Michigan

@tplyon Website

Professor Lyon is a leader in using economic analysis to understand corporate environmental strategy and how it is shaped by emerging government regulations, nongovernmental organizations, and consumer demands. His current research focuses on corporate environmental information disclosure, greenwash, the causes and consequences of renewable energy policy, and voluntary programs for environmental improvement.

Vote History

Statement Vote Confidence Comments
A hard Brexit will have a significant negative impact on many businesses, even if they do not have a U.K. or European presence. Agree 7 “The S&P 500 obtain about 2% to 3% of their revenue from the U.K., so there will definitely be an impact on U.S. firms. Even firms that do not derive revenue from the U.K. will feel general equilibrium effects due to rising trade uncertainties. In June 2016, after the initial shock of the Brexit vote, even the least revenue-exposed firms lost about 2% of value.”
China is no longer the most attractive growth opportunity for Western multinationals. Agree 7 “Wages in China have risen and so has competition from domestic firms. At the same time, growth in China is slowing and Trump’s trade war creates ongoing uncertainty for those thinking about investing in China. Vietnam is already drawing off low-wage jobs, and growth prospects in Africa are looking up.”
In the next five years, the blockchain will have a transformative effect on finance in emerging markets. Disagree 4 “The financial industry is constantly crowing about the value created by its latest innovation. I tend to side with Paul Volcker, who said in 2009 that the ATM is the only useful innovation in banking over the last 20 years.”
Amazon’s new $15 per hour minimum wage will force other companies to follow suit. Agree 6 “Not all firms will feel a need to follow, but Amazon has gotten a lot of attention for this. There will be increased pressure on other large, well-known companies that have a wide range of skill levels (and pay levels) within the company.”
Restrictions on skilled immigration will cause US firms to to shift more operations overseas. Agree 6 “I suspect the larger effect will be to simply make U.S. firms less competitive, but we will see some offshoring among firms facing skills shortages here in the U.S.”
Uber has to develop self-driving cars in the next 10 years in order to remain viable. Disagree 6 “Many other companies are working on autonomous vehicles, from Google to Ford. I’m not sure Uber has the capacity to win this game, and anyway, they can always adopt others’ successes.”
A trade war will be more disruptive to business than to consumers. Agree 8 “Consumers will face price increases that will be annoying but not call for fundamental changes to their daily lives. Some businesses will actually be forced out of business — true disruption.”
Concern over consumer privacy will fundamentally limit businesses’ ability to use big data. Disagree 6 “I think the barn door is open and the horse has already left.”