In the far-flung subsidiaries of global corporations, getting attention from headquarters can often be an asset. Country managers in neglected outposts often envy their counterparts in “hot markets,” who seem to be able to attract all the high-level support, interest and resources they need. However, such attention from headquarters can have a downside as well, sometimes triggering a dynamic that hampers performance.
The pervasiveness of these negative forces became apparent during an international workshop we ran for managers of foreign subsidiaries on how to manage the attention of headquarters staff. Although we expected to hear dissatisfaction from managers of neglected subsidiaries, we were surprised at the level of frustration voiced by managers of subsidiaries on which plenty of attention had been lavished. This discovery suggested that, even with the best of intentions, headquarters’ “support” can easily mutate into “hyper-attention” that destroys value. To explore this phenomenon, we conducted 55 interviews with subsidiary managers based in China, one of the world’s “hottest” markets in recent years.
Rather than study all types of interactions between headquarters and subsidiary executives (including video, telephone, email, and headquarters’ requests for written information and reports), we chose to focus on visits from the head office. For subsidiary executives, such visits consume considerable amounts of time and energy, and from a research perspective, they offer a rich vein of information (even though the interviewees agreed to speak only on condition of anonymity).
The companies we studied represented a variety of industries involved in both products and services, and included major corporations based in the United States or Europe. Only about a quarter of the managers we interviewed were broadly satisfied with the quantity and quality of attention received from the headquarters; many of the others said that headquarters prevented them from achieving higher performance. The managers’ complaints tended to focus on three issues: the number of visits they received; the increased workload generated by interactions with headquarters; and a perceived lack of understanding and realism on the part of headquarters executives.
1. The Number of Visits
The overriding complaint from China subsidiary managers concerns the number of visits from head office staff. For many subsidiaries, visits from board members, top executives or product managers are a monthly routine.